It has been an episode of one heavy downpour after the other in most states in Nigeria, leaving many roads with constant flooding including schools.
Every rainy season brings the possibility of an outbreak of diarrhoeal diseases. Since Germs spread easily from an unhygienic environment to food and water sources, flooding may cause contamination of water sources.
Diarrhoea is the passage of four or more loose stools in 24 hours. A loose stool is any stool that can take the shape of a container.
It is typically a symptom of an infection in the intestinal tract, which can be caused by a variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms. Diarrhoea is easily preventable.
Flooding also increases the risk of outbreaks of the following communicable diseases:
- Water-borne diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and hepatitis A
- Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, and West Nile Fever
Hydro-meteorological disasters, like floods, are the most common (40 per cent) natural disasters worldwide and are widely documented.
It is often assumed that when a disaster occurs, it is the sole responsibility of local or national governments and other professional response organizations to help victims in affected communities.
However, the safety of health is a joint responsibility, with each person empowering the next with information that can change health outcomes.
The collective action taken by all constituent parts of a community, from members of a family to committee members of a residents’ association, can make the difference in the aftermath of a flood.
Through our AlertClinic Initiative, we consistently provide invaluable prevention messages, as well as location-based updates on disease-related occurrences. Download the app on the Google Play Store to reach out and learn more.